AskDefine | Define muezzin

Dictionary Definition

muezzin n : the Muslim official of a mosque who summons the faithful to prayer from a minaret five times a day [syn: muazzin, muadhdhin]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From müezzin < (mu'adhdhin), lit. "one who calls (to prayer)", crier.

Alternative spellings

Noun

muezzin
  1. The person in a mosque who calls to prayer from one of the minarets.

Translations

Extensive Definition

The muezzin (in Arabic: مؤذن mu’ain) is a chosen person at the mosque who leads the call (adhan) to Friday service and the five daily prayers (also known as the salat) from one of the mosque's minarets (in most modern mosques, electronic amplification aids the muezzins).
The professional muezzin is chosen to serve at the mosque for his good character, voice and skills; however, he is not considered a cleric, but rather comparable to a Christian sexton. When calling to prayer, the muezzin faces the Qiblah (direction of the Ka'bah in Mecca) while he cries out the adhan. During the prayer, the muezzin in some mosques stand on a special platform (called the müezzin mahfili in Turkish), opposite the minbar in the mosque and answer the Imam's sermons.
The institution of muezzin has existed since the time of Muhammad. The first muezzin was Bilal ibn Ribah, who walked the streets to call the believers to come to prayer. Although large parts of the custom was undecided by the death of Muhammad: Which way one should choose for the calling, where it should be performed, etc., trumpets, flags and lamps were all elements during the adhan in the place of the muezzin.
After minarets became customary, the office of muezzin in cities was sometimes given to a blind person, who could not look down into the inner courts of the citizen's houses and thus could not violate privacy.
The acts of the muezzin are also considered an art form, reflected in the melodious chanting of the adhan.

See also

References

muezzin in Arabic: مؤذن
muezzin in Bosnian: Mujezin
muezzin in Bulgarian: Мюезин
muezzin in Catalan: Muetzí
muezzin in Czech: Muezzin
muezzin in Danish: Muaddhin
muezzin in German: Muezzin
muezzin in Modern Greek (1453-): Μουεζίνης
muezzin in Spanish: Almuédano
muezzin in Esperanto: Muezino
muezzin in Persian: مؤذن
muezzin in French: Muezzin
muezzin in Korean: 무에진
muezzin in Indonesian: Muezzin
muezzin in Italian: Muezzin
muezzin in Hebrew: מואזין
muezzin in Hungarian: Müezzin
muezzin in Malay (macrolanguage): Bilal
muezzin in Dutch: Muezzin
muezzin in Japanese: ムアッジン
muezzin in Norwegian: Muezzin
muezzin in Polish: Muezin
muezzin in Portuguese: Almuadem
muezzin in Russian: Муэдзин
muezzin in Slovak: Muezín
muezzin in Slovenian: Mujezin
muezzin in Serbian: Мујезин
muezzin in Swedish: Muezzin
muezzin in Turkish: Müezzin
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